Exploring Biology in the Laboratory, 3e

By Murray P. Pendarvis, John L. Crawley  •  
•  848
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Print ISBN  9781617317552
• eBook ISBN  9781617317569
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This full-color, comprehensive, affordable introductory biology manual is appropriate for both majors and nonmajors laboratory courses. All general biology topics are covered extensively, and the manual is designed to be used with a minimum of outside reference material. The activities emphasize the unity of all living things and the evolutionary forces that have resulted in, and continue to act on, the diversity that we see around us today.

Examples of interior pages:


What's New in this Edition
Table of Contents
Versions and Packages
About the Authors
Instructor Resources

Comprehensive Coverage

  • Objectives clearly state what students are expected to know by the end of the chapter.
  • Introductory material provides context for the material covered in the chapter and helps students apply what they learn.
  • Exercises are designed to be safe, interesting, and meaningful.
  • New Chapter, Touching the Future: Understanding Biotechnology and Forensics.
  • “A Closer Look” sections provide additional detail and context for the topic at hand to help students gain a deeper understanding of the material.
  • “Did You Know” sidebars provide interesting tidbits to pique student interest.

Full-color Art

  • An extensive full-color art and photography program includes many specimen and dissection images, labeled diagrams, cladograms, and helpful life-cycle illustrations. In addition to providing the necessary images to help students work through the lab procedures, the manual also includes hundreds of images of representative organisms, providing ample visual support for the lab.
  • Warnings are posted where applicable to make students aware of potential risks when dissecting certain organisms or performing certain experiments.
  • Hints & Tips aid students in understanding tricky content areas where attention to fine detail is a necessity.

Clear Presentation 

  • Check Your Understanding questions after each exercise ask thought-provoking questions in order to measure student progress throughout the chapter.
  • A Chapter Review ends each chapter and provides thoughtful questions to ensure that students understand the overall concepts from the chapter.

Instructor Resources Available: Login to view Instructor Resources

  • An online Instructor's Manual contains answers to all of the exercises and electronic access to all of the images in the manual.
  • Computerized Test Bank contains hundreds of questions to help instructors build tests and quizzes that can either be printed or exported to commonly used distance learning platforms.
  • All of the images from the lab manual are provided electronically. Images are presented at digital display resolution (150 dpi), intended for use in PowerPoint presentations.
What's New in this Edition
  • New Chapter, Touching the Future: Understanding Biotechnology and Forensics
  • New exercises including: Osmosis in Gummy Bears, Germination of Angiosperms, Microanatomy of Lichens, Conductive and Sensorineural Hearing Tests, Senses of Touch, and Listening to the Lungs
  • Over 100 new and revised images
  • New updated and revised Check Your Understanding and Review Questions throughout
Table of contents
Laboratory Safety
Chapter 1: The Starting Point: Understanding the Scientific Method
Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 1.1: Practicing the Scientific Method with Termites
Exercise 1.2: Applying the Scientific Method with Goldfish
Exercise 1.3: Reinforcing Scientific Skills with Gummy Bears
Chapter 1 Review
Chapter 2: For Good Measure: Understanding Scientific Notation and the Metric System
Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 2.1: Using Scientific Notation
Exercise 2.2: Learning the Metric System and Conversions
Exercise 2.3: Measuring Length, Mass, Volume, and Temperature
Chapter 2 Review
Chapter 3: The Invisible World: Understanding Microscopy
Chapter 3 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 3.1: Learning about Microscopy
Exercise 3.2: Developing the Skills of Microscopy
Exercise 3.3: Preparing Slides
Exercise 3.4: Using the Stereomicroscope (Dissecting Microscope)
Chapter 3 Review
Chapter 4: Back to Basics: Understanding Acids, Bases, and pH
Chapter 4 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 4.1: Measuring pH
Exercise 4.2: Neutralizing Acids
Chapter 4 Review
Chapter 5: The Composition of Living Things: Understanding Organic Molecules
Chapter 5 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 5.1: Testing for Carbohydrates
Exercise 5.2: Testing for Lipids
Exercise 5.3: Testing for Proteins
Exercise 5.4: Testing an Unknown
Chapter 5 Review
Chapter 6: The Building Blocks of Life: Understanding Cell Structure and Function
Chapter 6 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 6.1: Observing Prokaryotic Cells
Exercise 6.2: Observing Eukaryotic Cells
Exercise 6.3: Observing Plant Cells
Exercise 6.4: Observing Animal Cells
Chapter 6 Review
Chapter 7: Catalysts for Change: Understanding Enzymes
Chapter 7 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 7.1: Bromelain as an Enzyme
Exercise 7.2: Catalase and Reusability of Enzymes
Exercise 7.3: Application of Rennilase
Chapter 7 Review
Chapter 8: Just Passing Through: Understanding Diffusion and Osmosis
Chapter 8 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 8.1: Diffusion
Exercise 8.2: Osmosis
Chapter 8 Review
Chapter 9: From Light to Energy: Understanding Photosynthesis
Chapter 9 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 9.1: Leaf Structure
Exercise 9.2: Plant Pigments
Exercise 9.3: Photosynthesis in Elodea
Chapter 9 Review
Chapter 10: Breaking Bonds: Understanding Cellular Respiration
Chapter 10 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 10.1: Observing Alcoholic Fermentation
Exercise 10.2: Aerobic Respiration
Chapter 10 Review
Chapter 11: Out of One, Many: Understanding Cell Division
Chapter 11 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 11.1: The Cell Cycle
Chapter 11 Review
Chapter 12: That's Just the Half of It: Understanding Meiosis
Chapter 12 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 12.1: Meiosis in Animals
Exercise 12.2: Meiosis in Plants
Chapter 12 Review
Chapter 13: It's All in the Genes: Understanding Basic Mendelian Genetics
Chapter 13 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 13.1: Understanding Heredity
Exercise 13.2: Population Genetics
Exercise 13.3: The Corn Maize
Exercise 13.4: Fitting In
Exercise 13.5: Blood Groups
Exercise 13.6: Developing Pedigrees
Chapter 13 Review
Chapter 14: Unraveling the Double Helix: Understanding DNA and the Genetic Code
Chapter 14 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 14.1: Isolating DNA
Exercise 14.2: Solving a World War II Mystery: The Plight of the Lady Be Good
Chapter 14 Review
Chapter 15: Touching the Future: Understanding Biotechnology and Forensics
Chapter 15 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 15.1: Applications of Gel Electrophoresis
Chapter 15 Review
Chapter 16: Mystery of Mysteries: Understanding Evolution
Chapter 16 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 16.1: Adaptation Evidence
Exercise 16.2: Paleontological Evidence
Exercise 16.3: Comparative Anatomical Evidence
Exercise 16.4: Embryological Evidence
Exercise 16.5: Molecular Evidence
Chapter 16 Review
Chapter 17: Making Sense of Diversity: Understanding Classification
Chapter 17 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 17.1: Using a Dichotomous Key
Exercise 17.2: Constructing a Cladogram
Chapter 17 Review
Chapter 18: On the Edge of Life: Understanding Viruses
Chapter 18 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 18.1: Communicable Disease
Chapter 18 Review
Chapter 19: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Understanding Bacteria
Chapter 19 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 19.1: Observing Bacteria
Exercise 19.2: Gram Stain
Exercise 19.3: Finding Bacteria
Exercise 19.4: Using Antibiotics
Exercise 19.5: Observing Bioluminescence
Chapter 19 Review
Chapter 20: This Fine Mess: Understanding the Protists
Chapter 20 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 20.1: Sharing van Leeuwenhoek’s Enthusiasm
Exercise 20.2: Plantlike (Photosynthetic) Protists
Exercise 20.3: Fungus-like Protists
Exercise 20.4: Animallike (Heterotrophic) Protists
Chapter 20 Review
Chapter 21: The Green Machine: Understanding the Nonvascular Plants
Chapter 21 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 21.1: Phylum Hepatophyta
Exercise 21.2: Phylum Anthocerophyta
Exercise 21.3: Phylum Bryophyta
Chapter 21 Review
Chapter 22: The Green Machine: Understanding the Seedless Vascular Plants
Chapter 22 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 22.1: Phylum Lycophyta
Exercise 22.2: Phylum Psilotophyta
Exercise 22.3: Phylum Sphenophyta
Exercise 22.4: Phylum Pterophyta
Chapter 22 Review
Chapter 23: The Green Machine: Understanding the Seed Plants (Gymnosperms)
Chapter 23 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 23.1: Phylum Cycadophyta
Exercise 23.2: Phylum Ginkgophyta
Exercise 23.3: Phylum Gnetophyta
Exercise 23.4: Phylum Coniferophyta (Pinophyta)
Chapter 23 Review
Chapter 24: The Green Machine: Understanding the Seed Plants (Angiosperms)
Chapter 24 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 24.1: Phylum Magnoliophyta
Exercise 24.2: Flowers
Exercise 24.3: Fruit
Exercise 24.4: Seeds
Chapter 24 Review
Chapter 25: The Green Machine: Understanding Roots, Stems, and Leaves
Chapter 25 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 25.1: Plant Histology
Exercise 25.2: Roots
Exercise 25.3: Stems
Exercise 25.4: Leaves
Chapter 25 Review
Chapter 26: There's a Fungus among Us: Understanding Fungi
Chapter 26 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 26.1: Phylum Chytridiomycota
Exercise 26.2: Phylum Zygomycota
Exercise 26.3: Phylum Glomeromycota
Exercise 26.4: Phylum Ascomycota
Exercise 26.5: Phylum Basidiomycota
Exercise 26.6: Lichens
Chapter 26 Review
Chapter 27: From the Skin In: Understanding Basic Animal Tissues
Chapter 27 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 27.1: Epithelial Tissue
Exercise 27.2: Connective Tissue
Exercise 27.3: Muscular Tissue
Exercise 27.4: Nervous Tissue
Chapter 27 Review
Chapter 28: Animal Planet: Understanding Creatures from the Sea
Chapter 28 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 28.1: Phylum Porifera
Exercise 28.2: Phylum Cnidaria
Exercise 28.3: Phylum Ctenophora
Chapter 28 Review
Chapter 29: Animal Planet: Understanding the Lophotrochozoans
Chapter 29 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 29.1: Phylum Platyhelminthes
Exercise 29.2: Phylum Rotifera
Exercise 29.3: Phylum Mollusca
Exercise 29.4: Phylum Annelida
Chapter 29 Review
Chapter 30: Animal Planet: Understanding the Ecdysozoans
Chapter 30 Objectives & Intro Material
A Closer Look: Other Ecdysozoans
Exercise 30.1: Phylum Nematoda
Exercise 30.2: Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Chelicerata
A Closer Look: Other Arachnids
Exercise 30.3: Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Myriapoda
Exercise 30.4: Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Crustacea
Exercise 30.5: Phylum Arthropoda, Subphylum Hexapoda
Chapter 30 Review
Chapter 31: Animal Planet: Understanding the Deuterostomes
Chapter 31 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 31.1: Phylum Echinodermata
Exercise 31.2: Phylum Hemichordata and the Invertebrates of Phylum Chordata
Exercise 31.3: Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertebrata (Craniata)
Chapter 31 Review
Chapter 32: The Cutting Edge: Understanding Vertebrate Dissections
Chapter 32 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 32.1: Dissection of Common Chordates
Chapter 32 Review
Chapter 33: Homo sapiens: Understanding the Structure of the Human Body
Chapter 33 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 33.1: Integumentary System
Exercise 33.2: Skeletal System
Exercise 33.3: Articulations
Exercise 33.4: Muscular System
Chapter 33 Review
Chapter 34: Homo sapiens: Understanding the Nervous System and Special Senses
Chapter 34 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 34.1: Regions of the Human Brain
Exercise 34.2: Special Senses of Smell and Taste
Exercise 34.3: Special Senses of Hearing and Equilibrium
Exercise 34.4: Special Sense of Vision
Exercise 34.5: Anatomy of the Eye
Exercise 34.6: Sense of Touch
Chapter 34 Review
Chapter 35: Homo sapiens: Understanding the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems
Chapter 35 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 35.1: Cardiovascular System
Exercise 35.2: Cardiovascular System in Action
Exercise 35.3: Respiratory System
Chapter 35 Review
Chapter 36: Homo sapiens: Understanding Other Systems of the Body
Chapter 36 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 36.1: Endocrine System
Exercise 36.2: Digestive System
Exercise 36.3: Urinary System
Exercise 36.4: Reproductive Systems
Chapter 36 Review
Chapter 37: A Womb with a View: Understanding Embryology
Chapter 37 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 37.1: Observing Embryological Development
Exercise 37.2: Observing Viable Chicken Eggs
Chapter 37 Review
Chapter 38: Acting It Out: Understanding Animal Behavior
Chapter 38 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 38.1: The Ethogram
Exercise 38.2: Taxis
Exercise 38.3: Kinesis
Exercise 38.4: Agonistic Behavior
Chapter 38 Review
Chapter 39: But One Earth: Understanding Basic Ecology
Chapter 39 Objectives & Intro Material
Exercise 39.1: Investigating Local Ecosystems
Exercise 39.2: Observing Ecological Succession
Exercise 39.3: Species Decline
Exercise 39.4: Effects of Oil as a Pollutant
Chapter 39 Review
Appendix A: Digital Field Trips
Versions and Packages
About the Authors
Instructor Resources

An online Instructor’s Manual contains answers to all of the exercises as well as electronic access to all of the images in the manual. A computerized Test Bank contains hundreds of questions to help instructors build tests and quizzes that can either be printed or exported to commonly used distance learning platforms.