Exploring Anatomy & Physiology in the Laboratory, 4e

By Erin C. Amerman  •  
•  816
Format • 
Print ISBN  9781640433984
• eBook ISBN  9781640433991
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Exploring Anatomy & Physiology in the Laboratory (EAPL) is one of the best-selling A&P lab manuals on the market.  Its unique, straightforward, practical, activity-based approach to the study of anatomy and physiology in the laboratory has proven to be an effective approach for students nationwide.

This comprehensive, beautifully illustrated, and affordably priced manual is appropriate for a two-semester anatomy and physiology laboratory course. Through focused activities and by eliminating redundant exposition and artwork found in most primary textbooks, this manual complements the lecture material and serves as an efficient and effective tool for learning in the lab.

What's New in this Edition
Table of Contents
About the Author
Instructor Resources
  • Objectives: Each unit begins with a set of learning goals to prepare students for what they are expected to know after completing the lab.
  • Pre-Lab Exercises: PLEs encourage students to actively prepare for the lab by defining key terms, using labeling and coloring exercises to learn anatomical structures, and reviewing vital material from previous units, saving you from having to spend excessive time reviewing material from the lecture.
  • Model Inventories: Many lab manuals do not offer specific lists of structures that the students are to identify. Instead, those lab manuals scatter the anatomical structures throughout the unit, making it difficult for both the student and instructor. Exploring Anatomy & Physiology in the Laboratory features organized and easily referenced lists of anatomical structures that students are responsible for identifying.
  • Illustrations and Photography: Many lab manuals simply reproduce artwork and exposition from the related textbook. Every figure in Exploring Anatomy & Physiology in the Laboratory, 3e was specifically designed to improve student understanding of important lab concepts and procedures.
  • Focused Activities: "Focused Activity" describes the guiding philosophy of this lab manual. Students learn best when they are actively involved in the laboratory. Exploring Anatomy & Physiology in the Laboratory incorporates features designed for students to learn and retain the information. The manual asks students to be active by describing, labeling, writing, coloring, and drawing.
  • Tracing Exercises: Our tracing exercises ask students to write step-by-step, "turn-by-turn" directions tracing a substance (blood cells, food molecules, waste by-products, etc.) through the body and to trace the substance on a "map" of the human body. These exercises allow students to see the "big picture" of how the body systems interact. They also allow students to understand the relationship between structure and function.
  • Hints & Tips: Hints & Tips appear throughout the book to help students navigate some of the more difficult topics in A&P.
  • Check Your Recall/Check Your Understanding: Chapter-ending quizzes ensure that students understand key concepts and that learning goals have been achieved


What's New in this Edition
  • Pre-lab exercises have been updated with new terms and figures and can be completed using information available in the lab manual.
  • An introduction to the scientific method as well as 36 opportunities to develop hypotheses.
  • New and updated figures, including an additional 27 anatomical model photos.
  • A new feature, Lab Practical Practice Quizzes, has been added to help students prepare for their lab practical exams.
  • Additional pronunciations and etymology added for many terms.
  • Active reading sections included in select text sections.
  • All Unit review quiz questions revised.     
Table of contents
Unit 1: Introduction to Anatomical Terms
Unit 1 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 1-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 1-2: Body Cavities
Exercise 1-1: The Scientific Method
Exercise 1-2: Anatomical Position
Exercise 1-3: Directional Terms
Exercise 1-4: Regional Terms
Exercise 1-5: Body Cavities and Membranes
Exercise 1-6: Planes of Section
Exercise 1-7: Organs and Organ Systems
Unit 1 Check Your Recall
Unit 1 Check Your Understanding
Unit 2: Chemistry
Unit 2 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 2-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 2-2: The pH Scale and –logarithms
Prelab Exercise 2-3: Chemical Bonding
Exercise 2-1: pH, Acids, and Bases
Exercise 2-2: Buffers
Exercise 2-3: Chemical Solubilities
Exercise 2-4: Enzymes and Chemical Reactions
Exercise 2-5: Organic Compounds: Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleotides
Unit 2 Check Your Recall
Unit 2 Check Your Understanding
Unit 3: Introduction to the Microscope
Unit 3 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 3-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 3-2: The Microscope
Exercise 3-1: Introduction to the Microscope
Unit 3 Check Your Recall
Unit 4: Cytology
Unit 4 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 4-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 4-2: The Plasma Membrane
Prelab Exercise 4-3: The Parts of the Cell
Prelab Exercise 4-4: The Cell Cycle
Exercise 4-1: Organelles and Cell Structures
Exercise 4-2: Diffusion
Exercise 4-3: Osmosis and Tonicity
Exercise 4-4: Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
Unit 4 Check Your Recall
Unit 4 Check Your Understanding
Unit 5: Histology
Unit 5 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 5-1: Key Terms
Exercise 5-1: Epithelial Tissue
Exercise 5-2: Connective Tissue
Exercise 5-3: Muscle Tissue
Exercise 5-4: Nervous Tissue
Exercise 5-5: Organology
Unit 5 Check Your Recall
Unit 5 Check Your Understanding
Unit 6: Integumentary System
Unit 6 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 6-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 6-2: Skin Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 6-3: Hair and Nail Anatomy
Exercise 6-1: Skin Anatomy and Accessory Structures
Exercise 6-2: Histology of Integument
Exercise 6-3: Touch Receptor Distribution
Exercise 6-4: Fingerprinting
Unit 6 Check Your Recall
Unit 6 Check Your Understanding
Unit 7: Introduction to the Skeletal System
Unit 7 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 7-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 7-2: Microscopic Anatomy of Compact Bone
Prelab Exercise 7-3: Structure of a Long Bone
Exercise 7-1: Microscopic Anatomy of Bone
Exercise 7-2: Chemical Components of Bone Tissue
Exercise 7-3: Bone Markings and Bone Shapes
Exercise 7-4: Anatomy of Long Bones
Unit 7 Check Your Recall
Unit 7 Check Your Understanding
Unit 8: Skeletal System
Unit 8 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 8-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 8-2: Bones of the Skull
Prelab Exercise 8-3: Whole Skeleton
Exercise 8-1: Anatomy of the Skull
Exercise 8-2: Remainder of the Axial Skeleton
Exercise 8-3: Anatomy of the Appendicular Skeleton
Exercise 8-4: More Practice
Unit 8 Check Your Recall
Unit 8 Check Your Understanding
Lab Practical Practice Quiz 1
Unit 9: Articulations
Unit 9 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 9-1 : Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 9-2: Anatomy of Synovial Joints
Prelab Exercise 9-3: The Knee Joint
Prelab Exercise 9-4: The Shoulder Joint
Exercise 9-1: Classification of Joints
Exercise 9-2: Synovial Joints
Exercise 9-3: Knee Joint Structure and Function
Exercise 9-4: Anatomy of the Shoulder Joint
Exercise 9-5: The Big Picture of Movement at Synovial and Cartilaginous Joints
Unit 9 Check Your Recall
Unit 9 Check Your Understanding
Unit 10: Muscular System: The Gross Anatomy of Muscles
Unit 10 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 10-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 10-2: Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 10-3: Muscle Origins, Insertions, and Actions
Exercise 10-1: Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
Exercise 10-2: Muscle Origins, Insertions, and Actions
Unit 10 Check Your Recall
Unit 10 Check Your Understanding
Unit 11: Muscle Tissue
Unit 11 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 11-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 11-2: Basic Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 11-3: Muscle Fiber Microanatomy
Prelab Exercise 11-4: Types of Muscle Tissue
Exercise 11-1: Skeletal Muscle Anatomy and Microanatomy
Exercise 11-2: Muscle Physiology
Exercise 11-3: Smooth and Cardiac Muscle Tissues
Unit 11 Check Your Recall
Unit 11 Check Your Understanding
Unit 12: Introduction to the Nervous System
Unit 12 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 12-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 12-2: Nervous Tissue Microanatomy
Exercise 12-1: Neurons and Neuroglia
Exercise 12-2: Nervous Tissue Physiology
Unit 12 Check Your Recall
Unit 12 Check Your Understanding
Unit 13: Central Nervous System
Unit 13 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 13-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 13-2: Anatomy of the Brain
Prelab Exercise 13-3: Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
Exercise 13-1: Anatomy of the Brain
Exercise 13-2: Anatomy of the the Spinal Cord
Unit 13 Check Your Recall
Unit 13 Check Your Understanding
Unit 14: Peripheral and Autonomic Nervous System
Unit 14 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 14-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 14-2: Cranial Nerve Functions
Prelab Exercise 14-3: Spinal Nerve Plexuses and the Anterior Rami of the Spinal Nerves
Prelab Exercise 14-4: Branches of the Autonomic Nervous System
Exercise 14-1: Peripheral Nerve Anatomy
Exercise 14-2: Cranial Nerve Structure and Function
Exercise 14-3: Spinal Nerves and Reflexes
Exercise 14-4: The Autonomic Nervous System
Unit 14 Check Your Recall
Unit 14 Check Your Understanding
Unit 15: General and Special Senses
Unit 15 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 15-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 15-2: Anatomy of the Eye
Prelab Exercise 15-3: Anatomy of the Ear
Exercise 15-1: Anatomy of the Ear and Vision
Exercise 15-2: Anatomy of the Ear, Hearing, and Equilibrium
Exercise 15-3: Olfactory and Taste Senses
Exercise 15-4: Physiology of the General Senses: Cutaneous Sensation
Unit 15 Check Your Recall
Unit 15 Check Your Understanding
Lab Practical Practice Quiz 2
Unit 16: Endocrine System
Unit 16 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 16-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 16-2: Endocrine System Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 16-3: Hormones: Target Tissues and Effects
Exercise 16-1: Endocrine System Anatomy
Exercise 16-2: Endocrine Organ Histology
Exercise 16-3: Time To Trace! Negative Feedback Loops
Exercise 16-4: Endocrine "Mystery Cases"
Unit 16 Check Your Recall
Unit 16 Check Your Understanding
Unit 17: The Cardiovascular System—Part I: The Heart
Unit 17 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 17-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 17-2: Anatomy of the Thoracic Cavity
Prelab Exercise 17-3: Anatomy of the Heart
Exercise 17-1: Anatomy of the Heart
Exercise 17-2: Cardiac Muscle Histology
Unit 17 Check Your Recall
Unit 17 Check Your Understanding
Unit 18: The Cardiovascular System—Part II: Blood Vessel Anatomy
Unit 18 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 18-1: Arterial Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 18-2: Venous Anatomy
Exercise 18-1: Major Arteries of the Body
Exercise 18-2: Major Veins of the Body
Exercise 18-3: Time to Trace!
Exercise 18-4: Histology of the Blood Vessel Wall
Exercise 18-5: Clinical Applications
Unit 18 Check Your Recall
Unit 18 Check Your Understanding
Unit 19: The Cardiovascular System—Part III: Cardiovascular Physiology
Unit 19 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 19-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 19-2: Autonomic Nervous System and the Cardiovascular System
Exercise 19-1: Heart Auscultation
Exercise 19-2: Vascular Examination
Exercise 19-3: Blood Pressure
Exercise 19-4: The Ankle-Brachial Index
Exercise 19-5: The Electrocardiogram
Unit 19 Check Your Recall
Unit 19 Check Your Understanding
Unit 20: Blood
Unit 20 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 20-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 20-2: Formed Elements
Exercise 20-1: Blood Composition
Exercise 20-2: ABO and Rh Blood Groups
Exercise 20-3: Murder Mystery Game
Exercise 20-4: Blood Donation
Exercise 20-5: Examining Your Own Blood Type
Unit 20 Check Your Recall
Unit 20 Check Your Understanding
Unit 21: Lymphatics and Immunity
Unit 21 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 21-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 21-2: Anatomy of the Lymphatic System
Exercise 21-1: Lymphatic System Anatomy
Exercise 21-2: Lymphatic Organ Histology
Exercise 21-3: The Immune Response
Exercise 21-4: ELISA Test for Antigens: Tracking the Spread of a Viral Outbreak
Unit 21 Check Your Recall
Unit 21 Check Your Understanding
Unit 22: Respiratory System Anatomy
Unit 22 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 22-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 22-2: Respiratory System Anatomy
Exercise 22-1: Respiratory System Anatomy
Exercise 22-2: Histology of the Respiratory Tract
Exercise 22-3: Lung Inflation
Unit 22 Check Your Recall
Unit 22 Check Your Understanding
Unit 23: Respiratory System Physiology
Unit 23 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 23-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 23-2: Defining Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
Prelab Exercise 23-3: Labeling Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
Exercise 23-1: Pressure-Volume Relationships in the Lungs
Exercise 23-2: Pulmonary Volumes and Capacities
Exercise 23-3: pH and Ventilation
Unit 23 Check Your Recall
Unit 23 Check Your Understanding
Lab Practical Practice Quiz 3
Unit 24: Digestive System
Unit 24 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 24-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 24-2: Anatomy of the Digestive System
Prelab Exercise 24-3: Digestive Enzymes
Exercise 24-1: Digestive System Anatomy
Exercise 24-2: Digestive System Histology
Exercise 24-3: Digestive System Physiology
Exercise 24-4: Time To Trace!
Unit 24 Check Your Recall
Unit 24 Check Your Understanding
Unit 25: Urinary System Anatomy
Unit 25 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 25-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 25-2: Structures of the Urinary System
Exercise 25-1: Urinary System Anatomy
Exercise 25-2: Urinary Organ Histology
Unit 25 Check Your Recall
Unit 25 Check Your Understanding
Unit 26: Urinary System Physiology
Unit 26 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 26-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 26-2: Nephron and Collecting System Structure and Function
Prelab Exercise 26-3: Glomerular Filtration and Tubular Reabsorption
Exercise 26-1: The Model Kidney
Exercise 26-2: Urinalysis
Exercise 26-3: Time to Trace!
Unit 26 Check Your Recall
Unit 26 Check Your Understanding
Unit 27: Reproductive System
Unit 27 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 27-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 27-2: Male Reproductive Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 27-3: Female Reproductive Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 27-4: Stages of Mitosis
Exercise 27-1: Male Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise 27-2: Female Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise 27-3: Meiosis
Exercise 27-4: Histology of the Reproductive System
Unit 27 Check Your Recall
Unit 27 Check Your Understanding
Unit 28: Human Development and Heredity
Unit 28 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 28-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 28-2: Fetal Membranes
Prelab Exercise 28-2: Fetal Cardiovascular Anatomy
Exercise 28-1: Fertilization and Implantation
Exercise 28-2: Embryogenesis, Fetal Development, and Fetal Cardiovascular Anatomy
Exercise 28-3: Heredity
Check Your Recall
Check Your Understanding
Unit 29: The Big Picture of Human Anatomy and Physiology
Exercise 29-1: Physiological Connections
Exercise 29-2: The Big Picture: Tracing
Lab Practical Practice Quiz 4
About the Author

Erin C. Amerman has been involved in anatomy and physiology education for more than 12 years as an author and professor, most recently at Santa Fe College in Gainesville, Florida. She received a B.S. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of West Florida and a doctorate in podiatric medicine from Des Moines University. Erin lives in Florida with her family and many pets where she enjoys hiking to find and photograph wildlife, especially the large, toothy reptiles that Florida has in abundance!

Instructor Resources
  • The Instructor’s Manual contains answers to:
    • Pre-Lab Exercises
    • Check Your Recall Exercises
    • Check Your Understanding Exercises.
  • All of the images from the lab manual are provided electronically:
    • Images (both labeled and un-labeled) are presented at digital display resolution (150 dpi), intended for use in PowerPoint presentations.
  • The computerized test bank (Exam View) is provided for instructors to create quizzes:
    • Create or edit questions
    • Create quizzes with a “drag-and-drop” feature
    • Print quizzes for paper-based assignments
    • Publish quizzes to various distance learning platforms (ANGEL, Blackboard, Desire2Learn, Moodle and generic formats such as RTF).
  • The computerized test bank contains preloaded questions and images from:
    • Pre-Lab Exercises
    • Check Your Recall Exercises
    • Check Your Understanding Exercises
    • Plus 30 additional items not found in the manual per unit; 10 easy, 10 medium, and 10 challenging.