Enhancement Exercises for Biology

By Byron J. Adams, John L. Crawley  •  
 2017  
•  344
 Pages
Loose-leaf
Format • 
Print ISBN  9781617315336
• eBook ISBN  9781617317873
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Enhancement Exercises for Biology can augment any college-level biology course. The active learning modules featured in the Enhancement Exercises provide the best opportunity for students to learn and experience biology.  The modules challenge students by providing activities ranging from simple, guided inquiry to more thoughtful, open-ended, research-based activities. Assign all or a portion of an individual exercise as applicable to your specific course.

This book has been designed so the student can complete the assignments without any need for specialized lab equipment. The exercises can be completed by visiting local outdoor environments or by using common items easily obtained at home or the grocery store.

An electronic version of this title is also available suited for distance learning and allowing for the online submission and grading of the activities.

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Features
Table of Contents
About the Authors
Features
  • OBJECTIVES clearly state what students are expected to know by the end of the chapter and provide them with focused learning outcomes.
  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION compliments the lecture material and provides context for the material covered in the activities.
  • Each exercise begins with a KEY TERMS activity. This encourages students to actively prepare for the lab. The simple act of writing down definitions prior to beginning the activities helps students better understand the stated objectives.
  • MATERIALS used in these activities are inexpensive and easily obtained. All of the items listed can be purchased at a local store and are suitable for activities performed outside of a wet lab environment.
  • NOTE BOXES appear throughout the book to provide tips for the successful completion of an activity or to help students navigate some of the more difficult topics in biology.
  • The PROCEDURES provide students with easy to follow step-by-step instructions for the successful completion of the activity no matter where they are.
  • FULL-COLOR ART PROGRAM includes many illustrations and labeled diagrams, providing students with excellent visual resources as they work through the exercises.
  • SYNTHESIS ACTIVITIES end each exercise and provide thoughtful questions to ensure that students understand the overall concepts from the activities, and build their critical thinking skills. Adequate room is provided for students to write their answers.
  • DEEPER INSIGHT links to additional information appear throughout Enhancement Exercises for Biology directing students to learn more about an activity in order to have a better understanding of the concepts presented.
Table of contents
Exercise 1: Characteristics of Living Things
Ex 1, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 1, Activity 2: Careful Observation of Non-Living and Living Things
Ex 1, Activity 3: Identifying Things That Blur the Line
Ex 1, Activity 4: Synthesis
Ex 1 Objectives and Background Info
Exercise 2: The Nature of Science
Ex 2, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 2, Activity 2: How Do We Know What We Know?
Ex 2, Activity 3: Is Astrology Scientific?
Ex 2 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 2, Activity 4: Science or Pseudoscience?
Ex 2, Activity 5: Skepticism versus Denialism
Ex 2, Activity 6: Synthesis
Exercise 3: Scientific Method
Ex 3 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 3, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 3, Activity 2: Careful Observation of Animal Behavior
Ex 3, Activity 3: Generating Testable and Falsifiable Hypotheses
Ex 3, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 4: Experimental, Observational, and Theoretical Science
Ex 4 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 4, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 4, Activity 2: Efficacy of a New Facial Cream
Ex 4, Activity 3: Antarctic Worms and Climate Change
Ex 4, Activity 4: Your Own Design
Ex 4, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 5: Atomic Structure: Subatomic Particles and Electron Shells
Ex 5 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 5, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 5, Activity 2: Understanding Atomic Structure
Ex 5, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 6: Chemical Bonding: Covalent, Ionic, and Hydrogen Bonds
Ex 6 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 6, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 6 Electronegativity Table of the Elements
Ex 6, Activity 2: Electronegativity
Ex 6, Activity 3: The Structure of Chemical Bonds
Ex 6, Activity 4: Surface Tension
Ex 6, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 7: Biologically Important Compounds and Molecules
Ex 7 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 7, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 7, Activity 2: Observations in a Soda Bottle
Ex 7, Activity 3: Cleaning Oil-Soaked Feathers
Ex 7, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 8: Cell Membranes: Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell Structures
Ex 8 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 8, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 8, Activity 2: Simulation of a Cell Membrane
Ex 8, Activity 3: Chart of Differences
Ex 8, Activity 4: Drawing Cells
Ex 8, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 9: Cell Structure and Function: Diffusion and Osmosis
Ex 9 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 9, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 9, Activity 2: Rate of Diffusion in Water
Ex 9, Activity 3: Rate of Diffusion in Gelatin
Ex 9, Activity 4: Osmosis
Ex 9, Activity 5: Cellular Response to Hypertonic and Hypotonic Solutions
Ex 9, Activity 6: Synthesis
Exercise 10: Energy Conversion in Eukaryotic Cells: Respiration
Ex 10 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 10, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 10, Activity 2: Reduction/Oxidation (Redox) Reactions
Ex 10, Activity 3: Observing Fermentation
Ex 10, Activity 4: Understanding the Electron Transport Chain and Oxidative Phosphorylation
Ex 10, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 11: Energy Conversion in Eukaryotic Cells: Photosynthesis
Ex 11 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 11, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 11, Activity 2: Light and Chlorophyll
Ex 11, Activity 3: Understanding Photosynthesis
Ex 11, Activity 4: Teach it!
Ex 11, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 12: Mendelian Genetics: Monohybrid and Dihybrid Crosses
Ex 12 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 12, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 12, Activity 2: Monohybrid Crosses
Ex 12, Activity 3: Dihybrid Crosses
Ex 12, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 13: Mendelian Genetics: Genotypes and the Human Face Exercise
Ex 13 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 13, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 13, Activity 2: Building a Model Face
Ex 13, Activity 3: Replication
Ex 13, Activity 4: Meiosis
Ex 13, Activity 5: Creating a New Generation
Ex 13, Activity 6: Synthesis
Exercise 14: Patterns of Inheritance: Pedigrees and Sex-Linked Traits
Ex 14 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 14, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 14, Activity 2: Inheritance of Sex-Linked Traits
Ex 14, Activity 3: Genetic Pattern of Color Blindness
Ex 14, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 15: Genetics of ABO and Rh Blood Groups
Ex 15 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 15, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 15, Activity 2: Blood Types
Ex 15, Activity 3: Rh Factor
Ex 15, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 16: Structure and Replication of DNA
Ex 16 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 16, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 16, Activity 2: Structure of DNA
Ex 16, Activity 3: DNA Synthesis
Ex 16, Activity 4: The Replisome
Ex 16, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 17: Structure and Function of RNA
Ex 17 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 17, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 17, Activity 2: Structural Differences between DNA and RNA
Ex 17, Activity 3: Structure of tRNA
Ex 17, Activity 4: Structure of rRNA
Ex 17, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 18: Transcription and Translation
Ex 18 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 18, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 18, Activity 2: Transcription
Ex 18, Activity 3: Translation
Ex 18, Activity 4: Transcription and Translation Chart
Ex 18, Activity 5: Comparison of Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Transcription and Translation
Ex 18, Activity 6: Teaching Transcription
Ex 18, Activity 7: Teaching Translation
Ex 18, Activity 8: Synthesis
Exercise 19: Control of Gene Expression
Ex 19 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 19, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 19, Activity 2: Control Elements of the lac Operon
Ex 19, Activity 3: Summary of Gene Regulation: The lac Operon
Ex 19, Activity 4: Regulation of Gene Expression
Ex 19, Activity 5: Positive and Negative Regulation of Gene Expression in the lac Operon
Ex 19, Activity 6: Synthesis
Exercise 20: Techniques of Molecular Genetics: DNA Extraction
Ex 20 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 20, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 20, Activity 2: DNA Extraction
Ex 20, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 21: Chemosynthetic Origin of Life and the Origin of the Eukaryotic Cell
Ex 21 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 21, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 21, Activity 2: RNA World Theory and the Chemosynthetic Origin of Life
Ex 21, Activity 3: Major Events in Earth History
Ex 21, Activity 4: Symbiogenesis and the Origin of Mitochondria and Chloroplasts
Ex 21, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 22: History of Evolutionary Thought
Ex 22 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 22, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 22, Activity 2: Darwin's Influences
Ex 22, Activity 3: Patterns and Process
Ex 22, Activity 4: Intelligent Design
Ex 22, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 23: Tree Thinking: Phylogenetics
Ex 23 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 23, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 23, Activity 2: Building a Phylogenetic Tree
Ex 23, Activity 3: Reading and Interpreting Phylogenetic Trees
Ex 23, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 24: Mechanisms of Evolution
Ex 24 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 24, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 24, Activity 2: The Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium Model
Ex 24, Activity 3: Natural Selection on Bird Beak Length
Ex 24, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 25: Species Concepts and Speciation
Ex 25 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 25, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 25, Activity 2: Species Concepts
Ex 25, Activity 3: Speciation
Ex 25, Activity 4: Reproductive Isolation and Reinforcement
Ex 25, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 26: The Tree of Life: Survey of Bacteria and Archaea
Ex 26 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 26, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 26, Activity 2: Attributes of Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya
Ex 26, Activity 3: The Tree of Life
Ex 26, Activity 4: Functional Diversity of Prokaryotes
Ex 26, Activity 5: Global Ecosystem Engineering
Ex 26, Activity 6: Synthesis
Exercise 27: Survey of Eukarya: Fungi and Lichens
Ex 27 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 27, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 27, Activity 2: Exploring Fungal and Lichen Biodiversity
Ex 27, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 28: Survey of Eukarya: Plantae (Viridiplantae)
Ex 28 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 28, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 28, Activity 2: Phylogenetic Position of Plantae (Viridiplantae)
Ex 28, Activity 3: Plant Structure
Ex 28, Activity 4: Exploring Plant Biodiversity
Ex 28, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 29: Survey of Eukarya: Metazoa
Ex 29 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 29, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 29, Activity 2: Exploring Animal Biodiversity
Ex 29, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 30: Animal Behavior
Ex 30 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 30, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 30, Activity 2: Scientific Contributions
Ex 30, Activity 3: Observations of Animals
Ex 30, Activity 4: Synthesis
Exercise 31: Animal Physiology
Ex 31 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 31, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 31, Activity 2: Effect of Temperature on Physiological Respiration
Ex 31, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 32: Population Ecology
Ex 32 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 32, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 32, Activity 2: Survivorship Curves
Ex 32, Activity 3: Demonstrating Exponential Growth
Ex 32, Activity 4: Calculating Exponential Growth
Ex 32, Activity 5: Everyday Exponential Growth: A More Realistic Example
Ex 32, Activity 6: Comparison of Arithmetic Growth versus Exponential Growth
Ex 32, Activity 7: Carrying Capacity and the Logistic Growth Function
Ex 32, Activity 8: Population Dynamics: The Lotka-Volterra Equation
Ex 32, Activity 9: Synthesis
Exercise 33: Ecological Succession
Ex 33 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 33, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 33, Activity 2: Ecological Succession of a Pond
Ex 33, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 34: Biogeochemical Cycles
Ex 34, Part 1 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 34, Part 1, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 34, Part 1, Activity 2: Sketch of the Water Cycle
Ex 34, Part 1, Activity 3: Synthesis
Ex 34, Part 2 Background Info
Ex 34, Part 2, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 34, Part 2, Activity 2: Sketch of the Nitrogen Cycle
Ex 34, Part 2, Activity 3: Synthesis
Ex 34, Part 3 Background Info
Ex 34, Part 3, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 34, Part 3, Activity 2: Sketch of the Carbon Cycle
Ex 34, Part 3, Activity 3: Synthesis
Ex 34, Part 4 Background Info
Ex 34, Part 4, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 34, Part 4, Activity 2: Seeing the Big Picture
Ex 34, Part 4, Activity 3: Synthesis
Ex 34, Part 5 Background Info
Ex 34, Part 5, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 34, Part 5, Activity 2: Simulation of Ocean Acidification
Ex 34, Part 5, Activity 3: Synthesis
Exercise 35: Ecosystem Ecology: Current Issues in Ecology
Ex 35 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 35, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 35, Activity 2: Mapping Environmental Impacts in Your Area
Ex 35, Activity 3: Determining Descriptive versus Normative Science
Ex 35, Activity 4: Investigating Biodiversity and Ecosystem Stability
Ex 35, Activity 5: Synthesis
Exercise 36: Observing Nature
Ex 36 Objectives and Background Info
Ex 36, Activity 1: Key Terms
Ex 36, Activity 2: Making Observations in Nature
Ex 36, Activity 3: Placing Organisms in an Ecological Context
Ex 36, Activity 4: Your Place in Nature
Ex 36, Activity 5: Synthesis
Index
About the Authors
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