Exploring Physical Anthropology: A Lab Manual and Workbook, 3e

By Suzanne E. Walker-Pacheco  •  
•  464
Format • 
Print ISBN  9781617314032
• eBook ISBN  9781617314278
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Exploring Physical Anthropology is a comprehensive, full-color lab manual intended for an introductory laboratory course in physical anthropology. It can also serve as a supplementary workbook for a lecture class, particularly in the absence of a laboratory offering.

This laboratory manual enables a hands-on approach to learning about the evolutionary processes that resulted in humans through the use of numerous examples and exercises. It offers a solid grounding in the main areas of an introductory physical anthropology lab course: genetics, evolutionary forces, human osteology, forensic anthropology, comparative/functional skeletal anatomy, primate behavior, paleoanthropology, and modern human biological variation.

Examples of interior pages:


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What's New in this Edition
Table of Contents
About the Author
Instructor Resources
  • BACKGROUND INFORMATION provides context for the material covered in the chapter and helps students apply what they learn.
  • OBJECTIVES clearly state what students are expected to know by the end of the chapter.
  • “HAVE YOU EVER WONDERED” represent the types of questions that nonspecialists typically ask about each topic.  Answers are provided during the course of the chapter.
  • Extensive use of FULL-COLOR ART and PHOTOGRAPHY provides students with excellent visual references as they work through the exercises.  This should be of particular benefit when access to a complete set of specimens is not available.
  • CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING questions are provided for students to complete prior to beginning the lab exercises to help ensure they understand the lab material.
  • The HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES are designed to illustrate the concepts presented in the readings. The exercises allow students to experience physical anthropology through use of the same methods used by researchers, with an emphasis on the scientific method. Apart from skeletal and fossil specimens, few laboratory supplies are needed. Many of the experiments and exercises utilize common, everyday materials.
  • MATERIALS LISTS are provided to ensure students have what they need prior to beginning the lab.
  • Clearly-written, numbered PROCEDURES help students successfully complete each exercise.
  • Adequate space is provided in the DATA SHEETS for students to sketch and record their answers to questions.
What's New in this Edition
  • For institutions that don’t possess a complete collection of representative specimens (skeletal material, fossil casts, etc.), this manual provides a full set of illustrations and photographs to supplement a laboratory collection.
  • Organization of the manual reflects four main themes: evolution and its genetic basis, skeletal anatomy and variation of modern humans, classification and functional anatomy of primates, and human origins.
  • Hands-on lab exercises are designed to illustrate the concepts presented in the manual using the same methods utilized by researchers.
  • Each section of manual is followed by a set of Check Your Understanding questions for students to complete prior to beginning the lab exercises.
  • The manual is designed so instructors can easily choose desired sections and lab exercises and leave out others if time is limited. Customization is also available.
Table of contents
Chapter 1 Physical Anthropology: Science and Evolution
Ch 1 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 1.1
Lab Exercise 1.1: The Scientific Method
Lab Exercise 1.2: Documenting Biological Variation
Lab Exercise 1.3: Simulating Natural Selection
Chapter 2 Cells and DNA
Ch 2 Objectives and Background Info, p. 17-22
Check Your Understanding 2.1
Ch 2 Background Info, p 27-32
Check Your Understanding 2.2
Lab Exercise 2.1: Extracting DNA from a Banana
Lab Exercise 2.2: Simulation of DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis
Lab Exercise 2.3: DNA Structure and Function
Chapter 3 Chromosomes and Cell Division
Ch 3 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 3.1
Lab Exercise 3.1: Chromosomes and Cell Division
Lab Exercise 3.2: Karyotypes
Chapter 4 Inheritance
Ch 4: Objectives and Background Info, p 65-74
Check Your Understanding 4.1
Ch 4 Background Info, p 77-80
Check Your Understanding 4.2
Lab Exercise 4.1: Identifying Genotypes and Phenotypes, Transmission of Autosomal Traits
Lab Exercise 4.2: Testing the PTC Tasting Hypothesis
Lab Exercise 4.3: Blood Typing
Lab Exercise 4.4: Pedigree Construction for Red-Green Color-Blindness Trait
Chapter 5 Forces of Evolution
Ch 5 Objectives and Background Info, p 99-104
Check Your Understanding 5.1
Ch 5 Background Info, p 107-108
Check Your Understanding 5.2
Lab Exercise 5.1: Sickle Cell and Balanced Polymorphism
Lab Exercise 5.2: Documenting Evolution: Population Genetics
Lab Exercise 5.3: Population Genetics Problems
Chapter 6 The Bones Within Us
Ch 6 Objectives and Background Info, p 127-138
Check Your Understanding 6.1
Ch 6 Background Info, p 141-154
Check Your Understanding 6.2
Lab Exercise 6.1: Anatomical Terminology and the Skull
Lab Exercise 6.2: Vertebral Column and Thorax
Lab Exercise 6.3: Muscle Actions, Shoulder Girdle, Upper Limb, and Hand
Lab Exercise 6.4: The Lower Limb
Lab Exercise 6.5: Surface Anatomy
Chapter 7 Forensic Anthropology
Ch 7 Objectives and Background Info, p 175-182
Check Your Understanding 7.1
Ch 7 Background Info, p 185-194
Check Your Understanding 7.2
Lab Exercise 7.1: Osteometry
Lab Exercise 7.2: Sex Determination
Lab Exercise 7.3: Estimating Age
Lab Exercise 7.4: Ancestry Determination and Stature Estimation
Lab Exercise 7.5: Anthroposcopy
Chapter 8 Modern Human Biological Variation
Ch 8 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 8.1
Lab Exercise 8.1: Discrete Trait: Introduction to Fingerprinting
Lab Exercise 8.2: Continuous Traits: Cranial and Postcranial Measurements
Lab Exercise 8.3: The Challenge of Documenting Intergroup Variation in Humans
Chapter 9 Biological Classification and the Order Primates
Ch 9 Objectives and Background Info, p 239-246
Check Your Understanding 9.1
Ch 9 Background Info, p 249-250
Check Your Understanding 9.2
Lab Exercise 9.1: Biological Classification, Primate Features
Lab Exercise 9.2: Primate Classification
Lab Exercise 9.3: Systematic Biology
Chapter 10 The Living Primates
Ch 10 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 10.1
Lab Exercise 10.1: Distinguishing Primate Groups by Features and Behavior; Primate Diet and Distribution
Lab Exercise 10.2: Observing Captive Primates
Lab Exercise 10.3: Alternative to Lab Exercise 10.2
Chapter 11 The Anatomy-Behavior Link: Dietary and Locomotor Adaptations
Ch 11 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 11.1
Lab Exercise 11.1: Dietary Adaptations
Lab Exercise 11.2: Positional Adaptations
Chapter 12 Investigating the Past: Fossil Primates
Ch 12 Objectives and Background Info
Check Your Understanding 12.1
Lab Exercise 12.1: Investigating Past Life
Lab Exercise 12.2: Dating Techniques
Lab Exercise 12.3: Primates through the Miocene
Chapter 13 Who’s in Our Family?
Ch 13 Objectives and Background Info, p 343-350
Check Your Understanding 13.1
Ch 13 Background Info, p 353-360
Check Your Understanding 13.2
Lab Exercise 13.1: Bipedalism
Lab Exercise 13.2: Comparative Base: Apes and Humans
Lab Exercise 13.3: Features of the Australopiths
Lab Exercise 13.4: Measuring Cranial Capacity
Lab Exercise 13.5: Tooth and Jaw Function
Chapter 14 The Genus Homo
Ch 14 Objectives and Background Info, p 383-386
Check Your Understanding 14.1
Ch 14 Background Info, p 389-394
Check Your Understanding 14.2
Lab Exercise 14.1: Stone Tools and Early Homo
Lab Exercise 14.2: Later Homo
Lab Exercise 14.3: Body Proportions in Neanderthals and Anatomically Modern Humans
Appendix A: Cutouts of Beetles, Lab Exercise 1.3
Appendix B: Cutouts of DNA and RNA Bases, Amino Acids, Ribosome and tRNA Molecules, Lab Exercise 2.2
Appendix C: Cutouts of Chromosomes, Lab Exercise 3.2
Appendix D: Latin and Greek Roots for Selected Anatomical Terms
Appendix E: Fossil Primates: Paleocene through Miocene
Appendix F: Fossil Members of the Human Line (Hominids/Hominins)
Appendix G: Comparison of Homo rudolfensis and Homo habilis Features
About the Author

Suzanne E. Walker-Pacheco caught her travel bug as an Air Force brat, having lived as a child in Massachusetts, Southern California, New Mexico, Nebraska, Guam, and Northern California. After completing her undergraduate degree at San Diego State University, she crossed coasts to attend the City University of New York for her doctorate.

Her early studies in field primatology took her to Venezuela, Brazil, Costa Rica, and Sierra Leone. She is currently a professor of anthropology in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Missouri State University. Previously, she taught in coastal Humboldt County, California, surrounded by redwoods. Beaches and forests can be convenient locations for unsavory characters to dump bodies, and Suzanne had the opportunity to begin assisting coroners and medical examiners to identify skeletal remains. She continues to do so in Missouri.

Her primary research interests are now medical anthropology, particularly health issues of Latino immigrants to Southwest Missouri, with a focus on diabetes and obesity prevention in Latino children.

Instructor Resources

The Instructor Manual features answers to Lab Exercises and Self-Tests, online references and “Helpful Hints” for selected chapters.