Exploring Anatomy in the Laboratory

By Erin C. Amerman  •  
•  592
Format • 
Print ISBN  9781617314896
• eBook ISBN  9781617315466
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This comprehensive, beautifully illustrated, and affordably priced manual is appropriate for a one-semester anatomy-only laboratory course. Through focused activities and by eliminating redundant exposition and artwork found in most primary textbooks, this manual complements the lecture material and serves as an efficient and effective tool for learning in the lab.


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Table of Contents
About the Author
  • Objectives set learning goals to prepare students for what they are expected to know after completing the lab, and also aid in the review of material.
  • Pre-lab Exercises encourage students to actively prepare for the lab by defining key terms, labeling and coloring illustrations to learn anatomical structures, and reviewing vital material from previous units, saving instructors from having to spend excessive time reviewing material from the lecture.
  • Hints & Tips appear throughout the book to help students navigate some of the more difficult topics in anatomy.
  • Model Inventories provide easily referenced lists of anatomical structures that students are responsible for identifying. These lists help students catalog the specimens they see in the lab.
  • Pronunciation Guide has been added to help students learn the correct pronunciation of key terms.
  • Illustrations and photographs in Exploring Anatomy in the Laboratory were specifically designed for use in the laboratory setting. The clear photographs and photomicrographs, coupled with carefully drawn illustrations, provide a detailed view of anatomical structures to improve student retention of the material and to aid in the understanding of important concepts.
  • Focused Activities describe the guiding philosophy of this lab manual. Students learn best when they are actively involved in the laboratory. In this manual, students are asked to be active by describing, labeling, writing, coloring, and drawing.
  • Tracing Exercises ask students to write step-by-step, turn-by-turn directions to follow substances (blood cells, food molecules, waste by-products, electrical events) through the human body, or trace the substances’ path on a “map” of the body. These exercises allow students to see the big picture of how the body systems interact and to understand the relationship between structure and function.
  • Check Your Understanding questions ask students to use the information they have learned to answer critical thinking questions, which are frequently related to clinical scenarios.
  • Check Your Recall quizzes in each unit include labeling, fill-in-the-blank, multiple choice, and matching questions.
Table of contents
Unit 1 Introduction to Anatomical Terms
Unit 1 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 1-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 1-2: Organ Systems
Exercise 1-1: Anatomical Position
Exercise 1-2: Directional Terms
Exercise 1-3: Regional Terms
Exercise 1-4: Body Cavities and Membranes
Exercise 1-5: Planes of Section
Exercise 1-6: Organs and Organ Systems
Unit 1 Check Your Recall
Unit 1 Check Your Understanding
Unit 2 Introduction to the Microscope
Unit 2 Objectives
Exercise 2-1: Introduction to the Microscope
Unit 3 Cytology
Unit 3 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 3-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 3-2: The Plasma Membrane
Prelab Exercise 3-3: The Parts of the Cell
Prelab Exercise 3-4: The Cell Cycle
Exercise 3-1: Organelles and Cell Structures
Exercise 3-2: Mitosis and the Cell Cycle
Unit 3 Check Your Recall
Unit 3 Check Your Understanding
Unit 4 Histology
Unit 4 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 4-1: Key Terms
Exercise 4-1: Epithelial Tissue (includes page 65)
Exercise 4-2: Connective Tissue
Exercise 4-3: Muscle Tissue
Exercise 4-4: Nervous Tissue
Exercise 4-5: Organology
Unit 4 Check Your Recall
Unit 4 Check Your Understanding
Unit 5 Integumentary System
Unit 5 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 5-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 5-2: Skin Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 5-3: Hair and Nail Anatomy
Exercise 5-1: Skin Anatomy and Accessory Structures
Exercise 5-2: Histology of Integument
Exercise 5-3: Touch Receptor Distribution
Exercise 5-4: Fingerprinting
Unit 5 Check Your Recall
Unit 5 Check Your Understanding
Unit 6 Introduction to the Skeletal System
Unit 6 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 6-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 6-2: Microscopic Anatomy of Compact Bone
Prelab Exercise 6-3: Structure of a Long Bone
Exercise 6-1: Histology of Osseous Tissue
Exercise 6-2: Chemical Components of Bone Tissue
Exercise 6-3: Bone Markings and Bone Shapes
Exercise 6-4: Anatomy of Long Bones
Unit 6 Check Your Recall
Unit 6 Check Your Understanding
Unit 7 Skeletal System
Unit 7 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 7-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 7-2: Bones of the Skull
Prelab Exercise 7-3: Whole Skeleton
Exercise 7-1: The Skull
Exercise 7-2: Remainder of the Axial Skeleton
Exercise 7-3: The Appendicular Skeleton
Exercise 7-4: More Practice
Unit 7 Check Your Recall
Unit 7 Check Your Understanding
Unit 8 Articulations
Unit 8 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 8-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 8-2: Anatomy of Synovial Joints
Prelab Exercise 8-3: The Knee Joint
Prelab Exercise 8-4: The Shoulder Joint
Exercise 8-1: Classification of Joints
Exercise 8-2: Synovial Joints
Exercise 8-3: Motions of Synovial and Cartilaginous Joints
Unit 8 Check Your Recall
Unit 8 Check Your Understanding
Unit 9 Muscular System: Muscle Tissue and the Gross Anatomy of Muscles
Unit 9 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 9-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 9-2: Muscle Fiber Microanatomy
Prelab Exercise 9-3: Skeletal Muscle Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 9-4: Muscle Origins, Insertions, and Actions
Exercise 9-1: Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle Tissue
Exercise 9-2: Skeletal Muscles
Exercise 9-3: Muscle Origins, Insertions, and Actions
Unit 9 Check Your Recall
Unit 9 Check Your Understanding
Unit 10 Introduction to the Nervous System
Unit 10 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 10-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 10-2: Nervous Tissue Microanatomy
Prelab Exercise 10-3: Peripheral Nerve Anatomy
Exercise 10-1: Neurons and Neuroglia
Exercise 10-2: Peripheral Nerve Anatomy
Unit 10 Check Your Recall
Unit 10 Check Your Understanding
Unit 11 The Brain and Cranial Nerves
Unit 11 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 11-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 11-2: Brain Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 11-3: Cranial Nerve Locations and Functions
Exercise 11-1: Anatomy of the Brain
Exercise 11-2: The Cranial Nerves
Unit 11 Check Your Recall
Unit 11 Check Your Understanding
Unit 12 Spinal Cord and Spinal Nerves
Unit 12 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 12-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 12-2: Spinal Cord Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 12-3: Nerve Plexus and Nerve Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 12-4: Anterior Rami of the Spinal Nerves: Locations and Functions
Exercise 12-1: The Spinal Cord
Exercise 12-2: Spinal Nerves and Reflexes
Unit 12 Check Your Recall
Unit 12 Check Your Understanding
Unit 13 General and Special Senses
Unit 13 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 13-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 13-2: Anatomy of the Eye
Prelab Exercise 13-3: Extrinsic Eye Muscles
Prelab Exercise 13-4: Anatomy of the Ear
Exercise 13-1: Anatomy of the Eye and Vision
Exercise 13-2: Anatomy of the Ear, Hearing, and Equilibrium
Exercise 13-3: Olfactory and Taste Senses
Exercise 13-4: The General Senses: Cutaneous Sensation
Unit 13 Check Your Recall
Unit 13 Check Your Understanding
Unit 14 Endocrine System
Unit 14 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 14-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 14-2: Endocrine System Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 14-3: Hormones: Target Tissues and Effects
Exercise 14-1: Endocrine System Anatomy
Exercise 14-2: Endocrine Organ Histology
Exercise 14-3: Time to Trace: Negative Feedback Loops
Exercise 14-4: Endocrine "Mystery Cases"
Unit 14 Check Your Recall
Unit 14 Check Your Understanding
Unit 15 Cardiovascular System—Part I: The Heart
Unit 15 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 15-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 15-2: Anatomy of the Thoracic Cavity
Prelab Exercise 15-3: Anatomy of the Heart
Prelab Exercise 15-4: Pathway of Blood Flow through the Heart
Exercise 15-1: Anatomy of the Heart
Exercise 15-2: Cardiac Muscle Histology
Unit 15 Check Your Recall
Unit 15 Check Your Understanding
Unit 16 Cardiovascular System—Part II: Blood Vessel Anatomy
Unit 16 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 16-1: Key Terms: Arteries
Prelab Exercise 16-2: Key Terms: Veins
Prelab Exercise 16-3: Arterial Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 16-4: Venous Anatomy
Exercise 16-1: Major Arteries of the Body
Exercise 16-2: Major Veins of the Body
Exercise 16-3: Time to Trace!
Exercise 16-4: Histology of the Blood Vessel Wall
Exercise 16-5: Clinical Applications
Unit 16 Check Your Recall
Unit 16 Check Your Understanding
Unit 17 Blood
Unit 17 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 17-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 17-2: Formed Elements
Exercise 17-1: Formed Elements (Cells) of Blood
Exercise 17-2: ABO and Rh Blood Groups
Exercise 17-3: Murder Mystery Game
Exercise 17-4: Blood Donation
Exercise 17-5: Typing and Examining Your Own Blood
Unit 17 Check Your Recall
Unit 17 Check Your Understanding
Unit 18 Lymphatics and Immunity
Unit 18 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 18-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 18-2: Anatomy of the Lymphatic System
Exercise 18-1: Lymphatic System Anatomy
Exercise 18-2: Lymphatic Organ Histology
Unit 18 Check Your Recall
Unit 18 Check Your Understanding
Unit 19 Respiratory System
Unit 19 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 19-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 19-2: Respiratory System Anatomy
Exercise 19-1: Respiratory System Anatomy
Exercise 19-2: Histology of the Respiratory Tract
Exercise 19-3: Lung Inflation
Exercise 19-4: Pressure-Volume Relationships in the Lungs
Unit 19 Check Your Recall
Unit 19 Check Your Understanding
Unit 20 Digestive System
Unit 20 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 20-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 20-2: Respiratory System Anatomy
Exercise 20-1: Digestive System Anatomy
Exercise 20-2: Digestive System Histology
Exercise 20-3: Time to Trace!
Unit 20 Check Your Recall
Unit 20 Check Your Understanding
Unit 21 Urinary System
Unit 21 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 21-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 21-2: Structures of the Urinary System
Prelab Exercise 21-3: Structures of the Nephron
Exercise 21-1: Urinary System Anatomy
Exercise 21-2: Urinary Organ Histology
Exercise 21-3: Time to Trace!
Unit 21 Check Your Recall
Unit 21 Check Your Understanding
Unit 22 Reproductive System
Unit 22 Objectives
Prelab Exercise 22-1: Key Terms
Prelab Exercise 22-2: Male Reproductive Anatomy
Prelab Exercise 22-3: Female Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise 22-1: Male Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise 22-2: Female Reproductive Anatomy
Exercise 22-3: Histology of the Reproductive System
Unit 22 Check Your Recall
Unit 22 Check Your Understanding
About the Author

Erin C. Amerman

Erin C. Amerman has been involved in anatomy and physiology education for more than 12 years as an author and professor, most recently at Santa Fe College in Gainesville, Florida. She received a B.S. in cellular and molecular biology from the University of West Florida and a doctorate in podiatric medicine from Des Moines University. Erin lives in Florida with her family and many pets where she enjoys hiking to find and photograph wildlife, especially the large, toothy reptiles that Florida has in abundance!